legislative history of "under God"

Patrick Wiseman pwiseman at gsu.edu
Wed Mar 31 17:17:32 PST 2004

On Wed, 31 Mar 2004 at 4:42pm, Bradford Wilson wrote:

:I apologize if someone has already posted the following.  It is from the
:majority opinion of the 9th Circuit in the Newdow case, demonstrating
:the intention of those who inserted "under God" into the Pledge.  There
:is no doubt that, according to the legislative history, the intention is
:to affirm a divine (and moral) creator who cares about the affairs of
:men.  There is also no doubt that the reason such acknowledgement was
:thought important at the time was to affirm the "individuality and
:dignity of the human being" as the foundation of American government.
:This is perfectly consistent with the Declaration of Independence,

It is also perfectly _inconsistent_ with "Congress shall make no law
respecting an establishment of religion."

Patrick Wiseman
Professor of Law
GSU College of Law

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