Meaning of "Under God"

Fred Shapiro fred.shapiro at
Sat Mar 27 19:09:09 PST 2004

On Sat, 27 Mar 2004, Dellinger, Walter wrote:

> Such opposition might have taken several forms.  (1) Some adherents to the
> current Court's view of 'state sovereignty' might object to the fact that
> the pledge, adopted after the Civil War at the behest of northern unionists
> some say,  was apparently intended to bring the South to its knees.  Just as
> the Confederates to be pardoned had to swear an oath to the Union, the
> children in the South were to be led in proclaiming and pledging in unison
> allegience to "the Republic, One Nation Indivisible" -- which I believe was
> intended as a repudiation of 'dual sovereignty' views of the South  (Can the

Actually, the Pledge of Allegiance was written in 1892...

Fred Shapiro

Fred R. Shapiro                             Editor
Associate Librarian for Collections and     YALE DICTIONARY OF QUOTATIONS
  Access and Lecturer in Legal Research     Yale University Press,
Yale Law School                             forthcoming
e-mail: fred.shapiro at     

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